Cladding is an indispensable component in the expansive field of construction and architecture, seamlessly integrating functionality with aesthetics. This exterior layer, affixed to a building’s framework, serves a multifaceted purpose beyond its visual allure.

Its primary function encompasses shielding structures from external elements, fortifying them against weather vagaries, and enhancing a building’s insulation and durability. Cladding plays a pivotal role in fortifying structural integrity and infusing architectural designs with character and style.

Throughout history, various materials have been harnessed to clad buildings, each offering distinct advantages and attributes. From the traditional appeal of brick and stone to the cutting-edge allure of metal, glass, and composite materials, the evolution of cladding has expanded architectural possibilities. Understanding the diverse types of cladding materials and their respective roles is fundamental for informed decision-making in construction projects.

In this article, we will look deeply into cladding meaning and uncover the types and diverse applications of cladding materials, shaping resilient, visually captivating, and efficient buildings.

What is cladding?

Cladding is the outer layer or covering affixed to a building’s exterior. It serves as a protective shield, enhancing a structure’s appearance and functionality. This application isn’t just about aesthetics; it plays a vital role in safeguarding buildings from weather elements such as rain, wind, and sun. Essentially, it’s like the protective coat of a building, shielding it from the harsh external environment.

One of the key functions of cladding is to provide insulation. Acting as an additional layer, it helps regulate the building’s temperature, keeping it warm in winter and cool in summer. This contributes significantly to energy efficiency, reducing heating and cooling costs for the occupants. Cladding functions as a barrier, effectively minimizing noise transmission and fostering a serene, comfortable indoor setting.

Apart from its functional aspects, cladding contributes immensely to the overall aesthetics of a structure. It allows for creative design possibilities, adding character and style to buildings. Different materials used in cladding offer varied textures, colors, and finishes, enabling architects and designers to achieve diverse visual effects.

However, beyond its protective and aesthetic roles, the choice of cladding also impacts the structural integrity and durability of a building. Selecting suitable cladding materials ensures longevity and resilience against wear and tear.

Cladding is not merely an exterior covering; it’s a multi-functional element that amalgamates aesthetics, protection, insulation, and structural stability. Its significance in modern construction cannot be overstated, making it a pivotal aspect of architectural design and building longevity.

Popular type of cladding

1. Brick Cladding

Brick cladding involves applying bricks to a building’s exterior, prized for its resilience against harsh weather. Crafted from fired clay units, it presents a classic yet resilient facade. Beyond aesthetics, it boasts exceptional thermal performance, regulating internal temperatures efficiently and contributing to energy efficiency.

With its minimal maintenance requirements and outstanding resistance to both rot and fire, brick cladding emerges as a reliable choice that seamlessly adapts to various architectural styles. It presents a wide spectrum of colors and textures, allowing for personalized designs that enhance the aesthetic appeal of any structure. Its enduring quality, supported by skilled craftsmanship and evolving innovations such as thin veneers and eco-friendly alternatives, cements its place as a cornerstone in architectural cladding solutions.

This enduring cladding choice seamlessly merges tradition with innovation. Its durable and visually appealing nature and adaptability across architectural styles underscore its significance in construction. Brick cladding’s ability to blend nostalgia with modern design principles positions it as a fundamental element in the evolution of architectural aesthetics and sustainable building practices.

2. Wooden Cladding

wood cladding

Wooden cladding, also known as wood cladding or timber cladding, refers to the use of wood as an exterior covering material for the walls or surfaces of a building.

It is popular for its natural warmth and offers a classic and inviting aesthetic to buildings. Its versatility allows for various design options, though it demands regular maintenance due to susceptibility to weathering and pests. While providing excellent insulation, wooden cladding requires periodic treatments to preserve its appearance and structural integrity.

Unlike brick cladding, wood may be more vulnerable to extreme weather conditions, making selecting durable wood species and applying protective coatings crucial. Wooden cladding endures for its timeless charm, evoking a cozy, natural vibe despite requiring occasional maintenance for upkeep.

3. Glass Cladding

Glass Cladding

Glass cladding, often referred to as glass curtain wall or simply curtain wall, is a building facade system that primarily uses glass panels to cover the exterior of a building.

Glass cladding epitomizes modern architectural brilliance by seamlessly blending sophistication, functionality, and sustainability. Its transparent allure transforms buildings into light-filled spaces, harnessing natural light to create a sense of openness and spaciousness.

Not only does glass cladding enhance aesthetics, but it also maximizes energy efficiency by reducing the need for artificial lighting, contributing to a more eco-friendly environment. Advanced coatings improve insulation and self-cleaning properties, broadening appeal across various architectural designs.

While glass cladding offers unparalleled elegance and connectivity with its surroundings, its maintenance requires regular attention to preserve its pristine appearance and transparency. Despite this upkeep, its transformative impact on modern architecture is undeniable, reshaping skylines with visually stunning structures that seamlessly merge functionality with aesthetic allure, symbolizing the essence of contemporary design.

4. Stone Cladding

Stone Cladding

Stone cladding, also known as stone veneer or stone siding, is a building material and architectural technique in which thin layers of natural or artificial stone are applied to the exterior or interior surfaces of a building.

Stone cladding is widely used for external walls because it redefines aesthetics while ensuring protection. It utilizes natural stones like marble, sandstone, and slate, offering a spectrum of colors and sizes. Notably long-lasting, it resists moisture absorption, maintaining its integrity. Its preparation involves simple sizing cuts, enhancing its ease of installation.

Renowned for durability, it withstands harsh weather conditions admirably, making it a pragmatic choice. Stone cladding revitalizes exteriors and fortifies structures, embodying timeless elegance and resilience against the elements.

5. Aluminum Cladding

Aluminum cladding refers to the use of aluminum sheets or panels as an exterior covering material for buildings or structures.

Aluminum cladding stands out for its durability and low maintenance, resistance to moisture, and resilience against diverse weather conditions. Its application yields a sleek, contemporary aesthetic due to its inherent glossiness. Its malleability facilitates easy shaping, while its lightweight composition, fire resistance, and various color options further elevate its appeal. This versatile material ensures resilience and offers architects and builders a flexible canvas for innovative designs.

6. Concrete Cladding

Concrete is a versatile and widely used construction material composed primarily of three basic components: cement, water, and aggregates.

Concrete cladding, also known as precast concrete cladding or architectural concrete cladding, is a building technique that involves using precast concrete panels or elements as an exterior covering for buildings or structures.

Concrete cladding, comprising tiles or panels, serves internal and external cladding needs, offering a glossy allure surpassing brick wall cladding. Its versatility allows designers to replicate stone-like designs. With concrete, intricate patterns can be cast onto exterior sheets, elevating a building’s aesthetics.

Not only visually appealing, but concrete cladding also boasts durability, strength, and low maintenance, ensuring long-lasting protection and an enduring attractive facade.

7. Weatherboard Cladding

Weatherboard cladding, also known as weatherboarding or simply cladding, is a type of exterior wall covering used on buildingsIt involves the installation of horizontal boards or planks, known as weatherboards or cladding boards, over the exterior framework of a structure. These boards overlap or interlock to create a continuous, weather-resistant barrier.

Weatherboard cladding can be made from various materials, with timber and fiber cement being common options. Timber weatherboards offer a natural and traditional appearance, while fiber cement weatherboards are known for their durability and low maintenance.

This classic cladding type exudes traditional charm, versatility, and durability, making it a popular choice for various architectural styles, from contemporary to rustic designs.

8. UPVC Cladding

UPVC Cladding

UPVC building cladding is crafted from unplasticized polyvinyl chloride. It offers a lightweight, cost-effective, and low-maintenance solution for exterior surfaces. Its versatility includes various colors, finishes, and textures, making it adaptable to diverse architectural styles.

With its weather-resistant properties, UPVC cladding provides durability and protection against harsh elements. Its ease of installation and ability to mimic the appearance of traditional materials make it a popular choice for modern construction projects seeking an appealing, long-lasting facade.

9. Metal Cladding

With an array of cladding options at your disposal, navigating the realm of metal cladding unveils a world of durability and design versatility. Steel and aluminum are the predominant choices for metal cladding. Compared to external UPVC or weatherboard cladding, metal siding, such as steel wall cladding panels, offers cost-effectiveness and durability.

Steel’s robustness makes it harder to damage, while aluminum’s fire-resistant properties safeguard against extensive property damage. These options cater to varied budgets and preferences, enhancing a property’s aesthetics and protection.

10. External Foam Cladding

External foam cladding is a lightweight, insulating material used in construction. Crafted from a resilient foam similar to polystyrene, fortified with a fiberglass mesh coating, and a robust core, it ensures remarkable durability.

This cladding, available in various panel sizes, adorns diverse building architectures seamlessly. Its swift installation, termite resistance, exceptional thermal insulation, and weather resilience make it a prime choice. Transforming outer walls with a trendy allure, external foam cladding elevates both aesthetics and functionality in construction.

11. 3D Cladding

3d Cladding

3D cladding introduces an innovative dimension to building exteriors, creating visually striking facades. It involves textured panels or tiles that protrude or recess from the surface, adding depth and dynamic visual effects. This cladding allows for intricate designs, geometric patterns, and unique sculptural elements, enhancing architectural aesthetics.

The textured surfaces create intriguing plays of light and shadow, contributing to a building’s character and uniqueness. Often utilized in modern and avant-garde designs, 3D cladding offers architects and designers a versatile tool to craft visually engaging structures that stand out in their surroundings.

12. Stainless Steel Cladding

Stainless steel cladding is made with about 10% chromium, which helps it avoid getting rusty or damaged by rust. This means it’s very resistant to corrosion, making it a durable choice for buildings. Stainless steel cladding not only protects buildings from weather but also adds a sleek and modern look.

It’s often chosen for its strength and resistance to damage, making it a reliable option for structures. Architects and builders prefer stainless steel cladding because it stays strong and doesn’t need much maintenance. It’s a smart choice for buildings where durability and a contemporary appearance are important.

13. Ceramic Cladding

Ceramic Cladding

Ceramic cladding is a durable and versatile option for building exteriors. Composed of fired clay, it offers exceptional resistance to weather, fading, and corrosion. The material’s inherent strength allows for various design possibilities, with various colors, textures, and shapes available.

Ceramic cladding provides a sophisticated aesthetic, lending buildings a contemporary and elegant appearance. Its low maintenance requirements and longevity make it a sought-after choice for architects seeking visual appeal and long-term durability.

14. Scyon cladding

Among the array of materials, Scyon cladding stands out for its durability and versatility. It is made from advanced cement composites, cellulose, and sand. This offers robust protection against weather conditions, ensuring long-lasting resilience. Its innovative design allows for flexibility in creating various architectural styles, offering both modern and traditional aesthetics.

Scyon cladding’s strength and low maintenance make it a popular choice for architects and builders aiming to combine durability with design excellence. Whether it’s for residential or commercial projects, Scyon cladding’s reliability and adaptability make it an ideal option for crafting enduring and visually striking building exteriors.

What cladding we can offer you

EVODEK stands out in the cladding industry by specializing in Wood Plastic Composites (WPC), a revolutionary material that consists of wood fibers and recycled plastic.

Innovative Materials: EVODEK’s Wood Plastic Composites redefine traditional cladding options. Their WPC products provide a natural, wood-like appearance, allowing diverse design possibilities while ensuring resilience against weathering and decay. This innovative material offers the warmth and elegance of wood without the inherent drawbacks, such as susceptibility to rotting or insect damage.

Durability and Sustainability: One of our primary strengths is creating cladding solutions that prioritize durability and sustainability. Using recycled plastic in their WPC formula contributes to environmental preservation by reducing plastic waste while offering a long-lasting cladding alternative. This durability ensures that our cladding solutions have a prolonged lifespan, requiring minimal maintenance.

Versatility and Adaptability: EVODEK’s Wood Plastic Composites offer versatility in application and design. They can be tailored to various architectural styles and preferences, accommodating both residential and commercial projects. Whether achieving a contemporary, sleek look or a more rustic, natural appearance, EVODEK’s WPC products are adaptable to diverse aesthetic requirements.

Enhanced Performance: EVODEK’s WPC cladding excels in performance compared to traditional wood or plastic options. Its resistance to moisture, UV rays, and temperature fluctuations ensures longevity and reduces the risk of warping, fading, or cracking. This enhanced performance makes it a reliable choice for exterior cladding in different climates and environments.

Eco-Friendly Solutions: Our commitment to sustainability extends beyond using recycled materials. Their WPC cladding is recyclable, contributing to the circular economy and reducing the environmental impact at the end of its life cycle. This eco-friendly approach aligns with evolving construction practices that prioritize environmentally responsible materials.


Cladding acts as a protective shield, wrapping buildings in a resilient outer layer that shields them from harsh weather conditions, ensuring their longevity and sturdiness. Among the diverse array of cladding types, each boasts its distinct advantages.

Brick, prized for its enduring strength, stands out alongside wood, which adds a timeless charm albeit demanding regular upkeep. Meanwhile, glass introduces a sleek modernity to structures. Other materials like metal, concrete, and plastic serve specific purposes, offering versatility in both appearance and function.

EVODEK stands out for providing quality cladding solutions; ensuring buildings look great and stay robust. Knowing these cladding types helps pick the perfect fit for any project, making buildings durable and visually appealing. It’s about finding the right balance between style and strength, creating strong spaces that look stunning.

Related reading: The 5 best cladding brands and materials